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A vital part of the endocrine system, the thyroid aids in the production of many important hormones and proper functionality of the human system. Butterfly-shaped, the gland smartly sits just above the collarbone, in the neck. There are a number plausible thyroid diseases and disorders that can affect the normal working of the gland.
Two most common disorders include hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. The former marks a condition wherein the gland over produces thyroid hormones against amounts needed. The latter on the other hand, is a condition wherein the gland fails to make sufficient quantities of needed hormones. Understanding hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism symptoms is a good way of diagnosing the problem.
Though hypothyroidism is more common that its counterpart, but knowing about hyperthyroidism symptoms is equally important.
Common hyperthyroidism symptoms
Sleeping Disorder and Fatigue – People with hyperthyroidism find it difficult to fall asleep too easily, and hence, feel more tired and exhausted. An overactive thyroid triggers insomnia due to restlessness and anxiety, and makes sleeping hard.
Weight Loss – One of the major hyperthyroidism symptoms is weight loss. No matter if a person eats his/her normal diet or more than usual, with hyperthyroidism constantly loses weight.
Mood swings and Mental Changes – In hyperthyroidism, a person is more likely to experience anxiety and panic attacks – typically feel he/she cannot relax at all. Also, the presence of excess quantities of thyroid hormone in the bloodstream causes difficulty in concentrating.
Muscle Pain – The condition is known to cause a variety of joint and muscle problems, typically including firmly holding objects, reaching arms above the heads and even climbing stairs.
Irregular Periods and Infertility – Those who experience infrequent, shorter, and lighter periods are likely to suffer from infertility problems. Having regular and normal periods is very important.
Skin Changes and Hair Loss – The condition of hyperthyroid can cause hair loss usually on the head and even lead to thin, fragile skin.
Cholesterol Levels – With this disorder most people are likely to experience unusually low cholesterol levels.
Blood Pressure Levels – In the event of the presence of hyperthyroidism condition, the systolic, upper value of blood pressure reading rises, while the diastolic or the lower reading remains constant or goes down.
Heart Rate – The heart beats faster than usual and a person is likely to experience heart flutters or palpitation. Immediate care is recommended.
Besides these, excess consumption of alcohol, regular smoking, lethargic lifestyle and an imbalanced diet make for some causes of hyperthyroidism, which lead to surfacing of these, above listed symptoms.